Barring a handful of leading educational institutions, most of the colleges and universities in India have been struggling to find a place in global rankings. The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) and Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, are among the top institutions that are ranked highly in the global rankings.
“IITs, IIMs constitute only 1-1.5% of India’s total strength of colleges and universities. The government should pay attention to improve the infrastructure of more than 50,000 institutes,” says SB Mujumdar, chancellor, Symbiosis International University (SIU), Pune.
“Lack of focus on research, absence of training programmes for faculty has made it tough for Indian institutions,” says Mujumdar.
Absence of autonomy in the higher educational institutions (HEIs) and approval of new educational institutes without thorough academic and financial verification lead to low-quality institutes, which are some of the factors responsible for low visibility on global charts, he adds.
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“On the lines of Oxford University, Indian institutes should also introduce andragogy – the teaching methodology for adults – that will help faculty hone their teaching skills.”
“HEIs have to mandatory fill up the reserved seats, which often leads to compromised quality. Such a system allows a less competent student over a high-achieving candidate to get admission in prestigious institutions,” says Mujumdar. However, he emphasizes on the need for quality colleges to improve the Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) to compete with other countries. With most prominent colleges located in the metro cities, higher education has become expensive for students from Tier II, III cities and remote areas, says Mujumdar.
“We need skill universities to improve the employability of students and help in personality development of students. These institutions should help students prepare for various competitive examinations such as UPSC, SSC,” he adds.
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